Aug 09, 2015. I wasn't making any obscene amounts of money - about 2500-3000 annually. As feudal ruler of same size I'd be getting no trade income, but more feudal tax due to no -30 wrong government type penalty, probably 1500-2000 or so. That after investing tons of money into trade posts etc. Nov 12, 2018 A quick tutorial video demonstrating the basics behind burying vassals under feudalism, including explanations on why you'd like to do something like this in the first place. Basically put - lots.

Government types in 1066 (with Horse Lords).

Government type is the form of government that a character lives under or rules by. It dictates the available succession laws and holdings of a character, and some government types have unique mechanics.

There are several ways to change government type during the game. Special decisions allow tribes and nomads to become more 'settled'. Inheriting a title, or dying with a landed heir, can also result in the player experiencing a change in government type.

  • 2Changing government
    • 2.2Between government groups

List of government types[edit]

GovernmentGroupDescriptionSpecial mechanicsSettlements held without penaltiesID tag
FeudalFeudalFeudal government is a government in which the realm is organised around the Feudal system, where power is delegated to nobles who are given grants of land in exchange for troops. Non-Christian feudal rulers require the appropriate religion DLC () to be playable.Not available to Muslims and (Bons or Buddhists) in Tibetan culture groupIf same culturefeudal_government
IqtaFeudalIqta government is similar to feudal; it rules according to the Arabic Iqta system rather than the feudal system. Requires Sword of Islam DLC to be playable.Requires title holder to be Muslim. Realm laws are changed by spending piety. Allows decadence.

without conclave there is no voting on law change.

If same culturemuslim_government
Monastic FeudalFeudalThe Monastic Feudal government is unique to Tibeto-Burmancultures of either the Buddhist or Bön faiths, and allows holding Temples in addition to Castles. Monastic Feudal rulers can also construct Gompa Monastery buildings in Castle holdings. Playable with the appropriate religion DLC: The Old Gods or Jade Dragon for Bön; Rajas of India for Buddhism.Must be (Bons or Buddhists) in Tibetan culture group. Realm laws are changed by spending piety. Gompa monasteries can be built in castles and are active only under this government form.If same culturetheocratic_feudal_government
Chinese ImperialFeudalThe Chinese Imperial government, much like the ordinary Feudal government, revolves around vassals owing fealty to their liege, who in this case is considered to be the divine Child of Heaven, and ruler of all. The Imperial government is unique to those who would claim the throne of China, much to the displeasure of the head of the current Imperial Dynasty, who rules from China proper. The decision to adopt Chinese Imperialism requires the Jade Dragon DLC.Capital move cooldown 200 months. No opinion penalties from wrong government. No opinion penalties from wrong religion even for marriage proposal. Cannot demand conversion. Can revoke duchies and retract vassals without tyranny. Requires Khitan/Tangut/Jurchen culture or Chinese culture group and primary title to be an empire that adopted imperialism. +1 Piety per month. +10 vassal limit. Cannot create Religious mandate law. Cannot be elective.If same culturechinese_imperial_government
Holy OrderFeudalThe most pious followers of their religion might join Holy Orders in an attempt to defend the faith from outside forces. Coming to the defense of any Lord or Lady who might be attacked by infidels, they are the stalwart protectors of the faithful. These orders have strict hierarchies, passing from one leader to next within the order. Since there is no dynastic persistence, holy orders are not playable.Cannot imprison and revoke landed title without just reason. Revoking titles from (holy order holders) and revoking baronies and retracting vassals is considered just. Cannot create or usurp or be granted kingdoms and empires. Holy order vassals give full taxes and levies regardless of opinion.order_government
ImperialFeudalAn Imperial government differs from its feudal counterpart by placing a larger focus on urban areas and a centralized court whose influence affects internal politics. It's available only to the Byzantine and Roman Empires. Councilors and Commanders hold a varying degree of influence, depending on their prestige and competence, which they can use to support or oppose the official heir of the Empire.

(NB: While defined as Feudal, this form of Government is essentially more of a Military Republic and several tooltips even use texts belonging to Merchant Republics, such as ones about usurping kingdoms)

Capital move cooldown 2000 months. Cannot imprison without just reason. Does not get wrong government opinion penalty. Cannot create empires. Cannot usurp empires and kingdoms. Can retract vassals without tyranny. Cannot be granted a kingdom or empire from character with different government.If same cultureroman_imperial_government
NomadicNomadicNomadic government is found in the steppes of central Asia in which the realm is not focused on keeping and holding baronies, but instead moves around in search of new grazing land for horses and other livestock. The only succession law is the Nomad succession law, in which the male relative (uncle, brother, son or nephew) of the same culture with the most prestige inherits.

Whilst nomads can have ordinary vassals, like in the Feudal system, most internal politics is centered around management of the other powerful clans in the realm, who can often rival or outshine the liege in terms of power.Nomadic rulers can only hold the Nomadic capital (a special holding type that is only available to Nomads and exists only in their capital province) without penalty, and gain benefits from having empty land in their realm (increasing their manpower and population, which they use to recruit troops for their horde). Requires Horse Lords DLC to be playable. Non-Christian nomads do not require the relevant DLC in order to play as rulers of certain religions (e.g. The Old Gods for pagans and Zoroastrians). However, if they convert to other government types without converting to a playable religion first, it's game over.

Capital move cooldown 120 months. Cannot construct castles and cities. Calls nomadic vassals to wars. Does not recieve levies or taxes from nomadic vassals. Realm laws are changed by spending prestige. Revocation allowed even without laws. Raiding. Cannot demand conversion. Cannot change culture. De jure law effects ignored. Males can take up to 3 concubines. -4 Commanders. Vassals give max levies and taxes regardless of opinion. Tyranny actions against non-nomads do not incur tyranny penalty with nomads. Nomadic vassals do not take up vassal limit. Ignores religious differences regarding marriage proposals and concubinage. Can pillage owned non-nomadic holdings. Can settle in castles to become feudal, in tribes to become tribal, in coastal cities to become merchant republic. Can abandon provinces.nomadic_government
Merchant republicRepublicMerchant republic is a government in which the realm centers around trade, and leaders are elected from the five patrician families rather than inheriting according to specific laws. Within each family, inheritance is by Seniority, where the oldest member of the family inherits. It is formed when a coastal province has a city as its capital, and the burgher holding the county title receives at least a ducal title. Requires The Republic DLC to be playable.If same culturemerchant_republic_government
RepublicRepublicRepublic is a government in which the ruler is elected from the citizenry. Because there is no dynastic persistence between rulers, Republic governments are not playable.If same culturerepublic_government
Confucian BureaucracyRepublicUsed only by the Western Protectorate. Because each new governor is appointed by China, this government is not playable. In games without Jade Dragon, this government only exists in the 769 bookmark and from February 1227 onwards.Cannot revoke titles and/or imprison without just reason. Does not get wrong religion opinion penalty. Does not get wrong government opinion penalty. Cannot demand conversion. Cannot create kingdoms and empires. Cannot inherit titles unless from appointment. Non-nomadic vassals give max taxes and levies regardless of opinion. Characters with this government are generated with stewardship education and have same culture and religion as the emperor of China.If same cultureconfucian_bureaucracy
TheocracyTheocracyTheocracy is a government in which the realm is ruled by the clergy in the name of religion. Rulers are appointed or elected from the clergy. Since there is no dynastic persistence, theocracy governments are not playable.If same culturetheocracy_government
TribalTribalTribal is a government which is settled but doesn't construct advanced holdings. The only succession law available to unreformed pagan tribes is the Elective gavelkind law, which splits the realm between all the sons of the ruler. Like nomads, tribes benefit from empty land in their realm. Non-Christian tribal rulers require the appropriate religion DLC () to be playable.Tribal vassals take up vassal limit. Can build tribes that cost prestige, but cannot build cities and castles. Allows decadence if Muslim. Allows raiding. De jure law effects are ignored. Males can take up to 3 concubines. Cannot revoke titles from tribal vassals of different religion without tyranny. Taxes and levies from tribal vassals or calling them to arms is determined by tribal organization and independence.tribal_government
LandlessLandlessLandless government refers to people who have no rule whatsoever. It is normally only found on deceased characters who did not hold any titles at the time of death. When found on living characters, it is usually the result of save corruptions in a non-adventurer, and it is called 'nogovernment' in code. As such, it is never playable.

Changing government[edit]

There are several ways to change the government type of the player character or succession line.

Among feudal governments[edit]

The three basic variants of feudalism are determined by religion and culture:

  • Muslims use Iqta government
  • Bön or Buddhist rulers from a Tibeto-Burman culture use Monastic Feudal
  • All others use standard Feudal

Chinese Imperial government can only be adopted by decision. It can be abandoned by having a heir of an ineligible culture, which will create an event where you can choose between converting your heir to your culture or abandoning Chinese Imperial Government. When adopted, the empire title becomes a titular title.

(Roman) Imperial government can only be adopted by having the Byzantine Empire (or Roman Empire) as primary and having Imperial elective succession. The government will change automatically the next time the game checks government eligibility, e.g. after a save and load.

Between government groups[edit]


Nomadic decisions[edit]

Settle as a Tribe in <tribal holding or capital>To use a nomadic capital, it must have a lv2 council building
  • All (personally held) nomadic counties build tribal holdings
  • The capital is converted to your religion and culture
  • Additional provinces converted per 5000 pop+manpower
  • Vassal khans will settle as tribal along with you
  • Horde troops are disbanded, but gain 200 event troops (140 Light Cavalry and 60 Horse Archers) per fully nomadic province.
  • AI will not use this decision if his capital is in the Steppe region, or he has at least 7 steppes counties in his realm. AI will only take this decision if he has at least 20 counties in his realm.
Settle as Feudal in <castle or mosque>Muslims may use a mosque instead of a castle
  • All nomadic counties are lost
  • Additional provinces converted per 5000 pop+manpower
  • Horde troops are disbanded, but gain 200 event troops (140 Light Cavalry and 60 Horse Archers) per fully nomadic province.
Found a Merchant Republic in <city>Players are limited to coastal cities
  • All nomadic counties are lost
  • Additional provinces converted per 5000 pop+manpower
  • Horde troops are disbanded, but gain 200 event troops (140 Light Cavalry and 60 Horse Archers) per fully nomadic province.
  • Tribal (or non-lowborn republic) vassals may become patricians.

Tribal decisions[edit]

Main article: Tribalism#Changing_government_type
Adopt Feudalism
  • Peace
  • Organized religion
  • Capital is tribe with Hillfort IV (or a castle)
  • If a vassal:
    • Liege is feudal, republic, or (organized) theocracy
  • If independent:
    • Absolute Tribal Organization
  • Tribes are upgraded to castles
  • Cities and temples may be built
Found Merchant Republic
  • Peace
  • Organized religion
  • Independent
  • Duke or higher
  • Male
  • Capital is coastal
  • Capital is tribe with Market IV (or a city)
  • Tribes are upgraded to cities
  • Castles and temples may be built
  • Tribal (or non-lowborn republic) vassals may become patricians.
  • AI never uses this decision


Inheritance conflictInherit a higher tier title, or die with your heir holding a same rank title.

Note that you cannot grant a kingdom to a ruler with a different government type, so you'll have to arrange for your heir to be independent and able to create the kingdom title themselves, or perhaps press a claim for them instead.

AnySettle a sonConquered settled landStrangely, inheriting a khaganate does not change your heir's government to nomadic. Vassal clans remain vassals but are not very useful.
AnyInherit clan from vassalEmpire rank. Nomads exist.
  1. Press a claim on a khanate, such that you have a vassal clan
  2. Arrange to inherit your vassal's clan

Strangely, inheriting a clan changes your government type to nomadic.

(Does the khan have to be of your dynasty? Because of the claim war outcome, the succession rules, or both? Does this actually work in the same version as the method above for going in the opposite direction??)

Abdicate to mayorDuke, coastal capitalThis method is very fragile and requires taking advantage of several game bugs.
Break Chinese ImperialismEmperor, Jade Dragon DLCThis method also requires taking advantage of several game bugs.

Special methods[edit]

AnyAnyConsole commands Not ironmanThe command set_government can be used to change any character's government type.
AnyAnySelect another character Not ironmanWhile loading a game, you may select another character before clicking 'Play'. The play console command does the same thing, more quickly. You lose your chronicle, score, and list of characters of special interest.

The rule that you must play as your primary heir is rather arbitrary, and voluntarily switching play upon succession may feel better than abusing the game over escape hatch (below).

AnyAnyLose all titles without dyingAnother dynasty member is playableRather than getting game over, you may be transferred to play as another character — even a ToG adventurer! (Works only in previous versions)
AnyForm the Hansa
  • Christian
  • Direct vassal of HRE
  • Own Duchy of Mecklenburg
  • Own County of Lübeck
  • Various other requirements
  • Spend 1000 wealth
  • A city becomes the new capital holding
  • Change government to merchant republic
  • Gain Kingdom of Hansa

You may switch to a new title when:

  • Creating a dynamic crusader state (and choosing to abdicate your old titles)

You may switch to a new character if a dynasty member becomes a ruler due a Crusade:

  • Recipient of the crusade target kingdom (if you were the most participating crusader)
  • Recipient of a dynamic crusader state
  • Winner of a Children's Crusade

See also[edit]

Retrieved from ''

Each province comprises one or more holdings led by a character (either player or AI) and are the source of levies and taxes.

Sims 3 patch 1.67 free download. As of the Monks and Mystics Expansion version, there were 4,457 holdings in the world in 1066, with potential for up to 5,190. As the map receives further updates, the number of holdings may increase.

Holdings have the following characteristics, which are modified by buildings:

Demesne incomeThe primary source of wealth for most rulers
Fort levelSlows down sieges and resists raiding
GarrisonMust be outnumbered in order for an enemy to siege
LeviesCan be raised, or left to defend along with the garrison
  • 1Settlements
  • 2Special holdings
  • 3Empty holding slot
  • 4Construction


There are five types of settlements, each with a different set of buildings. Each form of government has preferred and allowed settlements, and will get 'Wrong government type' (-75% levies and income) penalty while holding other types of settlements directly. Hindu characters will suffer opinion penalties if they have holdings which do not match their caste. Also, they cannot be granted such holdings directly.


Castles correspond to feudal rule. They are normally ruled by nobles, and their buildings are mostly focused on the military. Castles often have the highest level of fortification among all holding types.As a feudal lord/lady, castles will be the bread and butter of your demesne, but they won't bring in income comparable to temples and cities. As a Christian feudal ruler, the player will have severe income and levy penalties for having holdings other than castles. On the other hand, most of your levies will originate from castles, especially heavy infantry and all types of cavalry. Meanwhile, Muslim iqta rulers are allowed to freely rule over castles and temples without penalties. Hindu characters who hold castles are expected to be of the Kshatriya caste.

The capital of a county will usually be a castle holding, but there are some exceptions. Whoever owns the capital owns the county itself.


Temples correspond to theocracies.They are normally ruled by members of the clergy - bishops (or equivalent) - or iqta nobles for Muslims (imams). Their buildings are balanced between military ones and providing taxes, although they start out with very little fortification like cities. The pagan religions have their own names for these rulers, e.g. Godi for the Norse. Temples usually provide heavy infantry levies, with light infantry and archers, but no cavalry. Hindu characters who hold temples are expected to be of the Brahmin caste.


Cities correspond to republics. They are normally ruled by burghers. Their buildings are focused on economy and offer few heavy troops as levies. Later in the game, a significant part of light levies - light infantry, archers and heavy pikemen - will come from cities. Much of a feudal ruler's income from vassals is likely to come from vassal cities. If a burgher owns the capital of a county, their lands turn into a vassal republic which increases taxes collection. When a count-tier burgher is granted a duchy and their capital is coastal, they will form a merchant republic, resulting in greater taxes, construction of trade posts, and allowing them to rule cities and castles alike. Hindu characters who hold cities are expected to be of the Vaishya caste.


Tribes correspond to tribal rulers and are normally ruled by chiefs. They benefit from empty settlement slots, and are usually the only settlement in a province.

Nomadic capitals[edit]

A Nomadic capital is a special holding for the capital of khagans and khans. When a nomadic ruler moves their capital, all buildings are transported to the new location, although some may become inactive (such as the 'fishing village' and 'harbor' in a landlocked province).

Special holdings[edit]

Special holdings do not count toward a province's settlement limit or a ruler's demesne limit.


Like trade posts, forts are built in dedicated slots and thus do not count as a full fledged holding.

Forts are primarily used to 'lock' the occupation of an empty province when warring against a nomadic faction, as it would otherwise automatically return to the original owner's control as soon as the occupying army tries to move out of the province. Once a fort is constructed, the original owner will be forced to put it under siege or attack it. Nomads cannot build forts; when fighting against fellow nomads, occupying nomadic capitals is the main way to get warscore, besides battles.

Forts are also particularly useful when warring against Unreformed Pagans as they negate the attrition bonus in provinces holding a friendly one. With its building speed, if the player reacts fast enough, it is possible to negate the attrition before their army even starts taking losses!

It is also possible to build a fort in any owned province, and the character's enemies will be forced to besiege it before sieging other holdings. Thus, it can be a good idea to build forts in border provinces to delay enemies, granting the character time to assemble levies without extensive damage done to holdings (e.g. due to raids).

Family palaces[edit]

Family palaces are the essential capital holdings of patricians in merchant republics (requires The Republic Expansion). In early starts, they are often the only holdings of vassal patricians. No character or dynasty can own more than one family palace. These holdings have no province, but provide troops (which spawn in the republic's capital if the patrician owns no other land) and money to their owner. Family palaces are always inherited by the heir of a patrician family, and cannot be usurped or revoked, leaving the family only if it ceases to exist (by having no male family members).

Trade posts[edit]

Trade posts provide income to patricians and controllers of Silk Roadprovinces (the Silk Road requires Horse Lords or Jade Dragon DLC). Every coastal province has room for one trade post, though this slot is distinct from regular holdings. Trade posts focus on providing money, and the more trade posts of the same owner there are in a connected trade zone, the more money they will provide individually. Trade posts have their own limit, independent of demesne limit, which is determined by technology and the size of the patrician family. This limit is solely for building new trade posts, with no repercussions to owning more than the limit, should the limit decrease.


Hospitals help to protect provinces from disease and depopulation. Additional upgrades to this holding can also produce piety, tech points etc. The Reaper's Due DLC is required in order to build hospitals and to appoint a court physician.

Great Works[edit]

Great works, also called wonders of the world, are special holdings that are constructed at great cost and confer lasting benefits. Great works bring new ways to spend a dynasty's amassed fortune by creating new developments that can provide bonuses for the character, its family, and the realm.

Empty holding slot[edit]

For most government types, an empty holding slot represents nothing more than the potential to eventually construct a useful holding. For tribes, however, empty holding slots directly increase the levies and income of the tribal holding in the province, as each empty slot gives a +50% bonus. For nomads, empty holding slots are vital, as they determine the maximum population of the nomadic clan, which in turn determines the manpower available for horde troops.

Getting additional empty holding slots[edit]

It is possible to gain additional empty holding slots, but it takes time, wealth and some luck. There are two events associated with this, one is gained from high prosperity, the other from great works. The province which is to gain the empty holding slot through prosperity must be at prosperity level 3 (Booming) (requires The Reaper's Due DLC), and the crown focus set at the said province. Gta grand theft auto v cracked for mac. Given time, an event can occur which offers the choice of creating an empty settlement slot for 250% of yearly income. It has an MTTH of 65 years, decreasing by 10% if you have higher stewardship and/or learning (breakpoints being 12, 16 and 18). The same 10% apply if the ruling character has the lifestyleadministrator , architect , scholar or gardener ; the traitdiligent; the educationscholarly theologian , mastermind theologian , charismatic negotiator , grey eminence , fortune builder or midas touched . If the character is not independent, it increases by 20%.

As mentioned before, it is also possible to get a holding slot through an event called 'A Town is Born' associated with a local great work. To get this event, the ruler must not be at war, the great work must be at least 50 years old and the great work must have at least two upgrades. You can not get this event twice in one province.


Construction improves an existing holding by:

  • Constructing new buildings in the holding
  • Upgrading existing buildings to improve their benefits
  • Creating new settlements in a province, provided an empty slot is available.

Construction is a long-time prospect, as it will take very long for most buildings to pay off, if strictly speaking on their income output alone. Military buildings and upgrades form the backbone of a character's personal levies and help deter faction revolts.

The construction time itself can be reduced by the steward's 'Oversee Construction' job.

Castle income[edit]

The player can construct buildings in any holding they control (except the family palaces of vassal patricians). Most rulers, however, will focus on their personal holdings.

Note that the last two levels of 'castle towns' do not need further 'wall' upgrades. If 'wall' upgrades are taken into account, there is a gradual progression for how long it takes to get a return on investments. It is displayed on that assessment that aiming for level 1 firstly in all owned holdings, then going to the next level and so on, makes the most sense.

As long as the player has good stewardship, the break-even point for construction will be considerably faster, as 2% more demesne income is generated for every point of state stewardship beyond 5 points. Thus, at 30 state stewardship, the player will get 50% higher income, reducing the time to break-even by one third.

If a character owns provinces crossed by the Silk Road, castle, temple, city and tribal holdings on the route will receive a small passive boost to their tax.

New settlements[edit]

It is also possible to build new settlements in a county if there are free slots. Nomads can build temples; tribal rulers can build tribes and temples; settled rulers can build castles, cities, and temples. Once a province has each one of a castle, temple, and city, a ruler is free to create duplicates.

Creating a new settlement costs 400 wealth, plus an additional 100 wealth for each settlement already built in the province. This cost is reduced by the Construction technology. Tribal rulers can construct tribal settlements in provinces without them, for 25 prestige per empty slot.

  • Castles will repay themselves between 175 and 166 years, and are as such not really worth it for the money alone. Build castles with the intention of using them to strengthen your military. Building and holding new castles in your capital county (and maybe capital duchy) can help increase demesne levies immensely, since the capital bonus (available as long as the ruler is not a count-rank vassal) and marshal's 'Train troops' job apply to all personal holdings in the capital county.
  • Temples add piety-to-liege slots. In some religions, they can be granted to disqualify heirs. Catholics can also use a created temple to set up an antipope without needing to revoke a temple or murder a bishop. Be warned that rulers must consider tax and levies from their Catholic clergy to be unreliable at best. Building a new temple will give a +1% bonus to the religion's moral authority for 20 years after it's completed, but except for research and piety, building temples is rarely an attractive option beyond county requirements.
  • Cities can bring in quite a bit of money, at a base rate of 12 wealth per year. This is easily worthwhile for a grand mayor, but even for a feudal or Muslim ruler, it will take only 50–150 years to repay itself; the repayment time is even shorter if the county is coastal or on the Silk Road. Trade off time depends on tax laws, technology, and stewardship-skill and decisions of the mayor.
  • Cities and temples add technological growth slots, increasing both tech spread rate and the ruler's research points
  • Tribes are extremely cheap and should always be built if possible, especially, since they can usually be converted to combinations of castle + city + temple.
  • Constructing a castle or city in formerly-nomadic provinces can prevent them from reverting due to nomad agitation.

A character can build new holdings in any province they directly or indirectly control. The new holding becomes part of the builder's demesne and they are not obliged to grant it to the county's owner. However, the county's owner will get a -25 opinion penalty, because they desire that barony. As such, building new holdings in lands held by non-direct vassals is a good idea, as their opinion is largely irrelevant to the player character.

The supply limit for friendly armies in a province increases with the number of holdings in the province.

Building new holdings is usually more relevant if the player is isolated and their realm is under-developed at the selected start date. On the flip side, rich realms can further strengthen themselves by building more holdings after upgrading their existing ones.

Preferred holding type for capital[edit]

Each government type has its preferred holding type and will try to change the capital of their counties they personally hold if they hold nonpreferred holdings.

  • Feudal and Iqta prefers castles.
  • Monastic Feudal prefers castles and temples.
  • Imperial (both Roman and Chinese) and Confucian Bureucracy prefers castles and cities.
  • Republics and Merchant Republics prefer cities.
  • Theocracies prefer temples.
  • Tribals prefer tribes.
  • Nomads prefer nomadic capitals and empty holding slots.


  • Give out settlements of the wrong type. It is rarely worthwhile to keep settlements for which the player character gets the 'Wrong government type' penalty. Exceptions include tribal rulers preparing to feudalize, feudal rulers preparing to convert tribal holdings, and nomads in the process of pillaging.
  • Catholic churches are unreliable for taxes and levies. At +100 opinion towards their secular liege and the Pope, Catholic bishops will still pay taxes to the Pope and withhold levies from their secular liege.
  • If Hindu, be sure to match the character's caste with the holding type. If a character is of the wrong caste, they cannot be granted the holding.
  • Seize the advantage if the realm is on the Silk Road. If the player's demesne has counties on the Silk Road, castles, temples and cities give increased taxes to the holders of the counties.
  • Focus construction in the capital, and control multiple holdings there. A character's capital county will almost always be inherited by their heir(ess), even if the realm's under gavelkind succession. This is important, as buildings often won't pay back the investment within a single character's reign. The capital county will generally have the highest technology level of all holdings, and many technologies enhance the output of owned buildings, thus constructions in the capital will repay investment faster. Building up a county and then losing it 20 years later due to gavelkind isn't too great an idea. (By comparison, losing baronies through gavelkind is not as bad, as barons cannot join factions and do not have vassals under them.) In addition, all directly controlled holdings within the capital county receives an extra 50% levies (if independent), or at least a +15% if the character is a vassal duke or king-rank. By holding multiple baronies, the effectiveness of tax collection by the steward and troop training by the marshal is multiplied.
  • Build additional settlements for maximum troops and income. It's best to build firstly castles in the capital county, where they gain the largest levy bonus (up to +50% capital county if independent and perhaps +50% trained troops). Then, cities could be built outside the capital duchy for increased income. If the character is Catholic, temple resources are unreliable, so they are not a priority for a feudal ruler. However, if the player character is Muslim or eligible for Monastic Feudalism, temples are good at increasing monthly piety, and as usual gives a +1% to moral authority for 20 years after being built.
  • If the player character is grand mayor (or equivalent) of a merchant republic, construction should be balanced between the capital and other baronies/counties owned by the character. While the capital gets great troop bonuses, it can be lost in an election. Instead, by holding separate county titles and baronies, a patrician's family will retain a large portion of its former military base. The player can also develop baronies in the capital, as those do not go to the new grand mayor. A strategy is avoiding over-investment in outlying titles that are likely targets of de jure wars from other realms. It is better to focus on coastal cities, which tend to provide highest income (from trade post bonuses and 'port' buildings).
  • Focus on the player character's own baronies, not their vassals' holdings. The character's own baronies deliver their entire income and levies, while vassals' holdings will only give the liege a percentage. In addition, the benefits received from vassals are also subject to change in the long term due to changes in opinion, while the player character's own holdings are unaffected. Note that although the liege will get maximum tax if their vassals have at least 0 opinion of their ruler, Catholic bishops will continue to pay taxes to the Pope if they like him more than the liege. However, if the player character erects 'town markets', 'town harbours' and 'church villages', they will increase the income of cities and bishoprics respectively, allowing them to construct more improvements on their own. While cities provide higher revenue per town building than castles, the liege still gets less overall due to only getting a percentage of the town income. For patricians and Muslims rulers who can personally hold cities and temples respectively, upgrading them is a higher priority.
    • However, constructing in vassals' holdings will increase their opinion. This might be helpful in certain situations, particularly if the increased opinion is enough to convince a Zealous vassal of another religion to convert. Another exception is to help tribal vassals construct their Stone Hillforts so that they can adopt feudalism.
  • Build technology buildings.Churches and citiesdo, however, have one building each that is particularly useful for the development of technology, the 'monastic school' and the 'university,' respectively. If The Reaper's Due DLC is active, hospitals add several more, as follows:
    • The monastic school increases technology spread rate in the province by 10% at level 1, and 20% at level 2, for a total of 30%. It also grants +0.04 cultural tech points and +0.05 piety per month per level
    • The university increases technology spread rate in the province by 30% and grants +0.05 economic tech points per month
    • The translation house grants economic tech points and prestige; the library, cultural tech points and a 25% increase to technology spread rate; the laboratory, another 25% increase to technology spread rate; the medical academy, tech points of every type; and the observatory, military and cultural tech points.
    • This can make a major difference in the long run, so if the player prefers a technology-based approach to the game, investing in these buildings would be a good idea.
  • Build economic improvements, then military. Initial focus should be on improving the demesne's economic situation. The higher the income, the faster the ruler can construct or upgrade more buildings, so while at first the realm will lag behind on the military front, the ruler will quickly catch up once economic buildings repay their cost. After having reached decent economic capital, with at least 'castle villages' in all the player character's holdings, it is a proper decision to upgrade military capabilities. At this point, income flows pretty well, so this should be relatively quick to do. As before, the capital's holdings could go first, then other holdings are good to be upgraded. For each military building constructed, the ruler's personal military power increases. This powerbase will be there for the character even in times of crisis, and as such it gives the player a base military capacity at all times. Greater military means better results during civil wars and also on foreign wars, both defensive and offensive. It also helps to stabilize the realm, since vassals are less likely to form factions against a powerful liege. Do remember that increases in military capacity also translates into greater expenses whenever the ruler raises their own levies. Planning ahead is advised.
  • Upgrade demesne holdings as fast as possible. The quicker they are built, the sooner their investment is repaid. The more it is possible to construct in the future, the lesser a ruler will fall behind their rivals.
  • Keep wealth and piety reserves. A good strategy is to imagine the worst possible economic scenario that could happen to the realm, and keep that much money (or more) and piety (or equivalent) in reserve at all times. As a small realm like say, Scotland, having 50 wealth/piety in reserve at all times would likely be enough most of the time, except if the liege suddenly needs to hire mercenaries or holy orders. As such, it would be a thoughtful decision to save 100 wealth/piety at the very least for any small realm, as that much (along with the 300 wealth from Jewish merchants) will enable the liege to recruit a band of mercenaries or holy order and pay their upkeep for some months through that reserve alone. As for large empires neighbouring big potential rivals, it may even be necessary to keep a reserve of more than 1,000 wealth or piety at all times. Tribal rulers are required to save prestige points too, for their buildings are constructed with this currency up until they feudalize or turn into a merchant republic.
  • Build new holdings in counties not held by direct vassals. The player character's direct vassals won't ask for a transfer of control, and it's possible to indirectly weaken them. However, non-direct vassals may declare de jure wars to bring the holding under their control.


  • Build new holdings where supply limit decides wars. For instance, in mountain, desert and arctic provinces. Each settlement increases the supply limit for the ruler's troops and decreases it for enemy troops.
Castles • Cities • Temples • Tribes • Nomadic capital

Crusader Kings 2 Government Types

Capital • Economy • Levies • Revolt • Technology • Cultural buildings • Great works

Holdings (guide) Crusader Kings II Wiki Fandom

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