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Entry for 'Babylon' - Holman Bible Dictionary - One of 28 Bible dictionaries freely available, this readable and easy to use dictionary takes advantage of the finest modern Bible scholarship. Babylonian definition, of or relating to Babylon or Babylonia. Dec 18, 2018  Babylon is an intuitive and efficient dictionary and translation software developed by Babylon Ltd. For Windows-based PCs. This software features a simple and easy to use interface that allows users to translate words, phrases and even paragraphs with just a few mouse clicks. Babylon caters both private and corporate users, offering different solutions to different needs. The version you are about to install is meant for private use only. If you require the software for business use, please click ‘Get a quote’ below and one of our representatives will get back to you ASAP.

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Dic(băb`əlŏn), ancient city of Mesopotamia. One of the most important cities of the ancient Middle East, it was on the Euphrates River and was north of the cities that flourished in S Mesopotamia in the 3d millennium B.C. It became important when HammurabiHammurabi
, fl. 1792–1750 B.C., king of Babylonia. He founded an empire that was eventually destroyed by raids from Asia Minor. Hammurabi may have begun building the tower of Babel (Gen. 11.4), which can now be identified with the temple-tower in Babylon called Etemenanki.
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made it the capital of his kingdom of BabyloniaBabylonia
, ancient empire of Mesopotamia. The name is sometimes given to the whole civilization of S Mesopotamia, including the states established by the city rulers of Lagash, Akkad (or Agade), Uruk, and Ur in the 3d millennium B.C.
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. The patron god of Babylon, Marduk (identical with Bel), became a leading deity in the Neo-Babylonian pantheon. The city was destroyed (c.689 B.C.) by the Assyrians under SennacheribSennacherib
or Senherib,
d. 681 B.C., king of Assyria (705–681 B.C.). The son of Sargon, Sennacherib spent most of his reign fighting to maintain the empire established by his father.
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, and its real spendor belongs to the later period of Babylonia after the city was rebuilt. The brilliant color and luxury of Babylon became legendary from the days of NebuchadnezzarNebuchadnezzar
, d. 562 B.C., king of Babylonia (c.605–562 B.C.), son and successor of Nabopolassar. In his father's reign he was sent to oppose the Egyptians, who were occupying W Syria and Palestine. At Carchemish he met and defeated (605 B.C.
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(d. 562 B.C.). The Hanging Gardens were one of the Seven Wonders of the WorldSeven Wonders of the World,
in ancient classifications, were the Great Pyramid of Khufu (see pyramid) or all the pyramids with or without the sphinx; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, with or without the walls; the mausoleum at Halicarnassus; the Artemision at Ephesus; the
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. The walls of Babylon, its palace, and the processional way with the famous Ishtar Gate were decorated with colorfully glazed brick. Among the Hebrews (who suffered the Babylonian captivityBabylonian captivity,
in the history of Israel, the period from the fall of Jerusalem (586 B.C.) to the reconstruction in Palestine of a new Jewish state (after 538 B.C.).
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under Nebuchadnezzar) and the later Greeks the city was famed for its sensual living. Under the rule of NabonidusNabonidus
, d. 538? B.C., last king of the Chaldaean dynasty of Babylonia. He was not of Nebuchadnezzar's family, and it is possible that he usurped the throne. He was absorbed in antiquarian and religious speculations, and he built temples while the state was left undefended.
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the city was captured (538 B.C.) by Cyrus the Great and was used as one of the administrative capitals of the Persian Empire. In 275 B.C. its inhabitants were removed to SeleuciaSeleucia
, ancient city of Mesopotamia, on the Tigris below modern Baghdad. Founded (c.312 B.C.) by Seleucus I, it soon replaced Babylon as the main center for east-west commerce through the valley.
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, which replaced Babylon as a commercial center.


residential village (1990 pop. 12,249), Suffolk co., SE N.Y., on Long Island, on Great South Bay; settled 1689, inc. 1893. The first U.S. wireless station was built there by Marconi.


(Sumerian Kadingirra, Akkadian Babilu, literally “gate of god”), in antiquity a city in northern Mesopotamia on the banks of the Euphrates; the ruins of Babylon are near the modern city of Hilla (Iraq). It was first mentioned in the legend of Sargon the Akkadian (third millennium B.C.). Babylon’s importance grew during the time of the first Babylonian dynasty (1894-1595 B.C.). Under Hammurabi it was transformed into a major political, cultural, and economic center not only of Babylonia but of all South-west Asia. About 1595 B.C., Babylon was captured by the Hittites, and about 1518 it fell under the sway of the Kassites. At the beginning of the first millennium, Assyria and the Aramaean tribes, the Chaldeans, fought for Babylon. In 732, Babylon became part of the Assyrian state. In 689 it was completely destroyed by the Assyrian king Sennacherib as punishment for an uprising. It was rebuilt about 680 by Sennacherib’s successor Esarhaddon. In 626, Nabopolassar, a Chaldean, seized power in Babylon and ruled from 626 to 604. Under Nebuchadnezzar II, who ruled from 604 to 562, the city reached its golden age. A new architectural ensemble was created with magnificent palaces and mighty defensive installations. The city was captured in 539 by the Persian troops of Cyrus II. It was seized in 331 by Alexander of Macedon. Babylon was turned over in 312 to one of Alexander’s generals, the Macedonian Seleucus, who resettled most of the inhabitants of Babylon in his capital Seleucia, built near Babylon. After that Babylon lost its primacy and finally left the historical arena by the second century A.D.


The archaeological diggings of 1899-1917, the testimony of ancient Greek writers, and other sources revealed what ancient Babylon looked like in the sixth century B.C. Divided into two parts (western and eastern) by the Euphrates, the city was laid out in the form of a rectangle (with an area of about 10 sq km), encircled by three rows of brick walls with massive serrated towers and eight gates. The Ishtar Gate (the main gate) was faced with blue glazed brick with stylized representations of yellow-red and white-yellow bulls and dragons in relief. The paved Procession Street led to the temple complex of Esagila with its seven-stage ziggurat Etemenanki (the so-called Babylonian tower), whose stages were painted in different colors. The temple complex was located in the center of the city. To the north was the fortress-palace of Nebuchadnezzar II with the Hanging Gardens, a row of interior courtyards, and a throne room. The throne room was faced with blue glazed bricks and had an ornamental frieze and a representation of yellow columns. To the east are the remains of a Greek theater from the fourth century B.C.


Flittner, N. D. Kul’tura i iskusstvo Dvurech’ia i sosednikh stran. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958. Pages 274-77.
Koldewey, R. Das wiedererstehende Babylon, 4th ed. Leipzig, 1925.


ancient city on Euphrates river; famed for its magnificence and culture. [Mid. East. Hist.: NCE, 202]


1. the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia: first settled around 3000 bc
2.Derogatory (in Protestant polemic) the Roman Catholic Church, regarded as the seat of luxury and corruption


A development environment for expert systems. It includes frames, constraints, a prolog-like logic formalism, and a description language for diagnostic applications. It requires Common Lisp.

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Developer(s)Babylon Software Ltd.
Stable release(s)[±]
Windows10.5.0 (r4) / July 28, 2015; 5 years ago
Android4.1.2 / December 16, 2016; 3 years ago[1]
iOS2.0.1 / February 14, 2013; 7 years ago[2]
Windows Phone1.0[3]
Operating system
  • Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista
  • Android 2.3.3 and later[4]
  • iOS 5.1 or later[5]
  • Windows Phone 8 and 8.1[6]
TypeDictionary, machine translator, spell checker
Alexa rank 24,065 (March 2019)[7]

Babylon is a computer dictionary and translation program developed by the Israeli company Babylon Software Ltd. based in the city of Or Yehuda. The company was established in 1997 by the Israeli entrepreneur Amnon Ovadia. Its IPO took place ten years later. It is considered a part of Israel's Download Valley,[8][9] a cluster of software companies monetizing 'free' software downloads through adware. Babylon includes in-house proprietary dictionaries, as well as community-created dictionaries and glossaries. It is a tool used for translation and conversion of currencies, measurements and time, and for obtaining other contextual information. The program also uses a text-to-speech agent, so users hear the proper pronunciation of words and text. Babylon has developed 36 English-based proprietary dictionaries in 21 languages. In 2008–2009, Babylon reported earnings of 50 million NIS through its collaboration with Google.

Between 2010 and 2013, Babylon became infamous for demonstrating questionable behavior typical of malware: A Babylon Toolbar bundled with Babylon and other software, has been widely identified as a browser hijacker that is very easy to install inadvertently and unnecessarily difficult to remove.[10][11][12][13] This eventually led to Google terminating its agreement with Babylon Ltd. in 2013.[14]


In 1995, Israeli entrepreneur Amnon Ovadia began a project for an online English–Hebrew dictionary which would not interrupt the reading process. As a result, Babylon Ltd. was founded in 1997 and launched the first version of Babylon. On 25 September 1997, the company filed a patent for text recognition and translation.[15] In 1998, a year following its launch date, Babylon had two million users, mostly in Germany and Brazil,[16] growing from 420,000 to 2.5 million users in the course of that year. In the same year, Formula Systems, headed by Dan Goldstein, acquired Mashov Computers and became the largest shareholder in the company. By 2000, the product had over 4 million users. In the spring of 2000, Babylon Ltd. failed to raise $20 million in a private placement and lost NIS 15 million.[17] Further stress came with the collapse of the Dot-com bubble. In 2001, Babylon Ltd. continued shedding money, with the company costing its parent company Formula Vision NIS 4.7 million.[18]

Since 2007, Babylon Ltd. (TASE: BBYL) has been a publicly traded company. Its IPO took place in February 2007; Israeli businessman Noam Lanir purchased controlling interests in the company for $10.5 million, sharing management with second majority shareholder Reed Elsevier[19] and the Company founder Amnon Ovadia. According to Globes magazine in January 2011, Lanir received an offer for his stake from a foreign private equity fund that valued the company at NIS 248 million (approximately 70 million dollars).[20]

In 2008–2009, Babylon reported earnings of NIS 50 million through its collaboration with Google. In 2010, Google Ireland signed an extended cooperation agreement with Babylon to provide it with online search and pay-per-click advertising services.[21]

In 2011, Babylon was named the seventh most popular website in Libya, the eighth in Algeria and the eleventh in Tunisia.[22]

According to Globes magazine, Noam Lanir, who acquired control of Babylon for NIS 20 million, made a paper profit of NIS 200 million on his investment in 2012.[23] According to the same source, the Babylon website achieved an Alexa ranking of 45 in April 2012.[23]

Product features[edit]

Babylon Dic

A single click on any text using the right mouse button or combination of the right mouse button and a keyboard modifier, and the Babylon window appears providing a translation and definition of the clicked term.[24][25] Babylon is a tool used for translation and conversion of currencies, measurements and time, and for obtaining other contextual information. Babylon has a patented[specify]OCR technology and a single-click activation that works in any Microsoft Windows application, such as Microsoft Word, Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft Excel, Internet Explorer and Adobe Reader. When activated, Babylon opens a small popup window that displays the translation or definition. To solve the incompatibility problem of Babylon OCR browsers extension; users can benefit from Capture2Text free app version 3.9 (only 3.9v) which is compatible with Babylon 8 or another version. While dragging its capture box in any text from any browsers then a pop-up box appears and Babylon could easily grasp it. Babylon provides full text translation, full Web page and full document translation in many languages and supports integration with Microsoft Office. Babylon enables the translation of Microsoft Word documents and plain text files. It offers results from a database of over 1,700 sources in over 75 languages.[26]

Dictionaries and encyclopedias[edit]

Babylon includes its in-house proprietary dictionaries, community-created dictionaries and glossaries (UGC), which include general and technical dictionaries, language and monolingual dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedias and lexicons in a multitude of languages. They are indexed in 400 categories covering the arts, business, computers, health, law, entertainment, sports and so on.[27]

The program also uses a text-to-speech agent so users hear the proper pronunciation of words and text. Babylon Ltd. has developed 36 English-based proprietary dictionaries in 21 languages (English, Arabic, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish) that are free of charge to users of the software. These dictionaries comprise between 60,000 and 200,000 terms, phrases, acronyms and abbreviations and are enabled with a morphological engine which facilitates recognition of all inflected forms of single words and phrases, provides all forms of terms that include prefixes and extensions and supplies a solution for all formats of writing. Babylon's Linguistic Department is responsible for the extensive content and information database which is a significant component of Babylon's Product.[28]

Malware issues[edit]

Installer window from Download.com during the controversy with Nmap. After clicking on the green button, it installs the Babylon Toolbar, which hijacks the user's web browser.[29]

On 7 August 2010, Microsoft antivirus products identified the software application as adware (identified as 'Adware: Win32/Babylon') due to potentially intrusive behavior.[30] Sixteen days later, on 23 August 2010, Microsoft announced that Babylon Ltd. had modified the program and that it was no longer categorized as adware.[31]

In 2011, Download.com started bundling the Babylon Toolbar with open-source packages such as Nmap. Gordon Lyon, the developer of Nmap, criticized the decision.[32][33] The vice-president of Download.com, Sean Murphy, released an apology: 'The bundling of this software was a mistake on our part and we apologize to the user and developer communities for the unrest it caused.'[34]

Babylon Dictionary App

In 2012 the Babylon search toolbar was identified as a browser hijacker that, while very easy to install inadvertently, is unnecessarily difficult to remove afterwards.[10][11][12] The toolbar is listed as an unwanted application by anti-spyware software such as Stopzilla or Spybot – Search & Destroy.[35] Many users, trying to uninstall Babylon, have searched for help on different support forums.[36] The toolbar tends to install itself onto computers as an add-on with other software and changes users' home page to the Babylon search engine, adds the search engine to the computer and sets itself as the default.[13] It changes browser preferences such as the user's home page and search engine, changes that can be very difficult to reverse.[37][38]

Babylon Dictionary

On 29 October 2013, Google notified Babylon that it did not intend to renew its cooperation agreement between the two companies, which terminated on 30 November 2013. Google said that complaints had been received from Google Chrome users, claiming that the Babylon toolbar damages the browser's user experience. According to Babylon, Google may have reconsidered the decision during 2014.[14]

In October 2014 the translation business was purchased by Babylon Software LTD. Japamala prayer malayalam mp3. Since that point Babylon Software no longer distributes any toolbars or offers any 3rd party software.

See also[edit]


Babylon Free Dictionary

  1. ^'Babylon Translator'. Google Play. Google. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. ^'iBabylon'. iTunes Store. Apple. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  3. ^'Babylon Translator'. Windows Store. Microsoft. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  4. ^'Babylon Translator'. Google Play. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  5. ^'iBabylon'. iTunes Store. Apple. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  6. ^'Babylon Translator'. Windows Store. Microsoft. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  7. ^'Babylon-software.com Site Info'. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  8. ^Game over in Download Valley? Haaretz, Inbal Orpaz, Orr Hirschauge, 22 August 2013
  9. ^Conduit Diversifies Away From 'Download Valley' Wall Street Journal, Orr Hirschauge, updated 15 May 2014
  10. ^ ab'Babylon Search Hijacker'. im-infected.com. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  11. ^ abRashid, Fahmida (2 May 2013). 'How to Remove Babylon Search Toolbar'. PC Magazine. Ziff Davis. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  12. ^ ab'Babylon's Come-Uppance'. Jewish Business News. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  13. ^ abLee, Jay (25 July 2012) Getting rid of Babylon, The Houston Chronicle
  14. ^ abShares in Israel's Babylon dive as Google ends contract Reuters, 30 October 2013.
  15. ^'Recognition and translation system'. Google Patents. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  16. ^'Babble on'. Salon Media Group, Inc. 2 November 1999. Archived from the original on 13 February 2010. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  17. ^Blackburn, Nicky (May 2002). 'By The Users of Babylon'. Jerusalem Post via Formula Vision. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  18. ^Formula Vision lost NIS 33.6 million in 2001. TheMarker.com (3 April 2002)
  19. ^Malichi, Asaf (12 August 2007) Noam Lanir buys into Babylon, YNet
  20. ^Ackerman, Gwen (19 January 2011). 'Babylon Shareholder gets offer for majority stake, Globes says'. Bloomberg News. Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  21. ^Babylon extends deal with Google, Globes, 26 December 2010
  22. ^Solomon, Shoshanna (11 December 2011) Israel’s Babylon Says Arab World to Boost Sales of Translation Software. bloomberg.com
  23. ^ abTsipori, Tali (19 April 2012) Noam Lanir makes NIS 200m profit on Babylon. globes.co.il
  24. ^PC World. 19 (4–6): 123. 2001.Missing or empty title= (help)
  25. ^Huber, Jeffrey T; Boorkman, Jo Anne; Blackwell, Jean (2008). Introduction to reference sources in the health sciences. Neal-Schuman Publishers. p. 127. ISBN978-1-55570-636-4.
  26. ^'About Babylon – Simply Translate'. Babylon Ltd. Retrieved 18 September 2011.[dead link]
  27. ^Free Dictionary Lookup by Babylon. Babylon-software.com (2 August 2001). Retrieved on 9 November 2010.
  28. ^Stauber, Shuki. 'Babylon – There's Nothing Like Experience'. Jobs-israel.com. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  29. ^Download.com Caught Adding Malware to Nmap & Other Software insecure.org 27 June 2012
  30. ^'Definition change log for version 1.87.1429.0'. Malware Protection Center&. Microsoft. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  31. ^'Adware:Win32/Babylon'. Malware Protection Center. Microsoft. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  32. ^Download.com sorry for bundling Nmap with crapware The Register 9 December 2011
  33. ^Popular network tool Nmap in CNET security brouhahaNaked Security 6 December 2011
  34. ^A note from Sean regarding the Download.com InstallerArchived 27 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Download.com 7 December 2011
  35. ^What is Babylon Toolbar and how to remove it? pcrisk.com 9 July 2012
  36. ^Lesson Learned the Hard Way: Pay Attention to the Source of Your Downloads Don Tennant, IT Business Edge, 11 September 2012
  37. ^Remove FBI & Babylon Zombie Virus PCPitstop.com, author Steve Hogan, 11 October 2012
  38. ^Brinkmann, Martin (17 August 2011) How To Uninstall The Babylon Toolbar Completely, ghacks.net.

External links[edit]

Babylon Dictionary Download

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